Race - is a social construct used to group people. Race was constructed as a hierarchal human-grouping system, generating racial classifications to identify, distinguish and marginalize some groups across nations, regions and the world. Race divides human populations into groups often based on physical appearance, social factors and cultural backgrounds.
Racism - Biological classification by race is the basis for racism, which is the belief that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race. A racist is someone who follows the beliefs of racism. The systemic and institutionalized oppression and discrimination against individuals and groups based on their race or ethnicity.
Racial justice - is a vision and transformation of society to eliminate racial hierarchies and advance collective liberation, where Black, Indigenous, Latinx, Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders, in particular, have the dignity, resources, power, and self-determination to fully thrive
Restorative justice – is a framework that seeks to examine the harmful impact of a crime and then determines what can be done to repair that harm while holding the person who caused it accountable for his or her actions. Accountability for the offender means accepting responsibility and acting to repair the harm done.
Refugee and Immigrant Health - Medical schools should provide education on the unique health needs and disparities faced by refugees and immigrants. This includes education on cultural barriers to care, trauma-informed care, and the impact of immigration policies on health outcomes.
Religious Diversity - Medical schools should include education on religious diversity and its impact on healthcare. This includes education on religious beliefs and practices that may affect medical decision-making, as well as strategies for providing culturally sensitive care to patients from diverse religious backgrounds.
Representation - the degree to which individuals from diverse backgrounds are included and represented in various settings, such as media, politics, or workplaces.
Respect - a fundamental value of DEI that involves treating all individuals with dignity, empathy, and understanding, regardless of their background or identity.
Retention - the ability of organizations and institutions to retain employees, customers, or members from diverse backgrounds by creating inclusive and equitable environments.
Racial Equity - the achievement of equal outcomes and opportunities for individuals and groups of all races, which requires addressing systemic racism and inequalities.
Reconciliation - the process of repairing relationships between individuals or groups that have been harmed or marginalized, which can involve acknowledging past harms, promoting forgiveness and healing, and working towards greater equity and justice.
Restorative Justice - a justice model that focuses on repairing harm and addressing the needs of all involved parties, rather than solely punishing the offender. This approach can promote healing and reconciliation for individuals and communities affected by crime or harm.
Reverse Discrimination - a controversial term used by some to describe the perception that affirmative action or diversity programs unfairly advantage individuals from underrepresented groups over those who belong to majority groups. However, many DEI experts argue that this term is not accurate or useful, as it ignores systemic inequalities and the historical context of discrimination and marginalization.
Reasonable Accommodation - a legal requirement in some jurisdictions that employers or institutions provide accommodations for individuals with disabilities or other protected characteristics, such as religious beliefs or gender identity, in order to promote equity and inclusion.