Student Spotlight

Colleen Maher, OMS III

Class of 2021

  • Hometown: Aurora, Colorado
  • Undergraduate Studies: University of Colorado
  • Clubs and Activities: Member of the ACOFP and ACOP during the first two years at RVUCOM.

Why did you choose RVUCOM? I knew when I was applying to medical school that I wanted to go to an osteopathic program. RVU...
Read More

Faculty Spotlight

Jean M. Bouquet, DO, FAWM

Co-Director of Urban Underserved Track
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine

  • Hometown: Rockville, MD
  • Undergraduate Studies: Bachelor of Science degree in Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology from the University of Colorado, Boulder.
  • Graduate Studies: Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree from Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine

What class/classes do you teach? I teach Principles of Clinical Medicine – Year I and II, and in the...
Read More

Master of Science in Biomedical Sciences

The RVU MSBS is a 9-month (30 semester hour) degree program. Our mission is to provide an opportunity for students with diverse backgrounds and life experience to strengthen their educational foundation in the biomedical sciences, cultivate critical thinking skills, and prepare for careers in the health sciences. We serve a wide range of pre-health students, including second career students and those looking to improve their applications to graduate health programs such as DO, MD, dental, physician assistant, veterinary, and others. Graduating students have reported improvements in studying technique, test-taking skills, GPA, and standardized test scores.

In just three short years, the RVU MSBS program has graduated over 60 students. Read more about where these students have continued their health profession careers here:

MSBS Graduate Statistics

 

What makes RVU’s MSBS program stand out?

  • The majority of courses are taught by the medical school faculty (PhDs, DOs, MDs, Pharmacologists and PharmDs)
  • Case studies are widely integrated into the curriculum
  • The program integrates service learning into each semester
  • Exams are in block testing format to prepare students for long exams, such as the MCAT and board exams
  • The program incorporates simulation experiences each semester with medical students and standardized patients
  • The program includes integration and instruction with medical and PA students.

MSBS Student Spotlight

Adriana Perez, Class of 2019

Hometown: Carbondale, Colorado

Undergraduate Studies: University of Colorado Denver, B.S in Biology

Are you glad you chose RVU MSBS Program and why?
I am very privileged to be able to a part of the MSBS program. This program has not only prepared me academically, it has also helped me develop stronger study habits, become a better learner, and really develop…

Read more

“The faculty and staff were outstanding and so supportive throughout the challenging curriculum.

It was the best decision I could have made to prepare for medical school.”

 –     Diego Puentes, Current RVUCOM Student, MSBS Class of 2017

Click here to read more student testimonials


Mission

The Rocky Vista University Master of Science in Biomedical Sciences program will provide an opportunity for students with diverse backgrounds and life experience to strengthen their educational foundation in the biomedical sciences, cultivate critical thinking skills, and prepare for careers in the health sciences.

Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs)

  • Foundational Concepts Mastery– Demonstrate mastery of the knowledge, skills, and aptitudes of central concepts in the biomedical sciences necessary for entry into a health-related discipline or practice
  • Foundational Concepts Application– Develop an understanding of the underlying principles of health and disease and apply those principles to clinical scenarios.
  • Scientific Method Application– Apply the scientific method and principles of evidence-based medicine to approach biological and health-related issues.
  • Reasoning and Problem-solving– Practice critical reasoning and problem-solving skills relevant to health-related disciplines.
  • Communication Skills– Exhibit effective verbal and written communication skills.
  • Self-directed Learning– Demonstrate a skill set required for learning and generating material autonomously, and develop study skills consistent with a culture of inquiry.
  • Professionalism– Display core values of compassion, integrity, collegiality, cultural competency, attitude of service, professionalism, and motivation in interactions with peers, staff, faculty, and community.

To apply for the MSBS program, you must meet the following minimum requirements:

  • US citizen or permanent resident
  • An earned bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited college or university
  • Completion of all prerequisite coursework with a grade of ‘C’ or better**
  • A science and overall GPA minimum of 2.75 (on a 4.0 scale)
  • Official standardized test scores: GRE, MCAT, PCAT, or DAT (others potentially approved upon request)
  • Completed application via PostBacCAS and a $50 supplemental application fee
  • Resume including all relevant volunteer and paid work experience, along with service and leadership activities
  • Two letters of recommendation, including one from a pre-health advisor or committee and another from a healthcare professional who can attest to the candidate’s suitability to attend a graduate program in the biomedical sciences. In the event the candidate attends a school that doesn’t have a pre-health advisor or does not offer a letter-writing service, the candidate may substitute a letter from a basic science faculty member.

**Prerequisites include:

  • Biology with lab: 8 semester hours
  • General chemistry with lab: 8 semester hours
  • Organic chemistry with lab: 8 semester hours
  • Physics: 8 semester hours
  • English composition or Literature: 6 semester hours
  • Social or behavioral sciences: 6 semester hours

MSBS Class of 2020

Tuition

$26,550

Student Service Fees

$200

Books and Supplies

$797

Health Insurance

$3,603

Room and Board

$16,740

Personal Expenses

$3,150

Transportation

$2,430

Loan Fees

$1,696

Total

$55,166


The Cost of Attendance (COA) is an estimate of the cost of attending RVU and maintaining a modest but adequate standard of living. Your individual budget may be higher or lower. The COA does not include living expenses for a student’s spouse or other dependents. Total loan amounts borrowed and scholarships awarded cannot exceed the COA minus any other aid received. Tuition amount is based on 30 credit hours at $885 per credit hour. Loan fees represent the estimated amount an average student would pay if they borrow from the Federal Direct Loan program.

Students are strongly encouraged to complete a personal budget and only borrow the minimum amount needed to cover their actual costs. Many RVU students are able to live on less than the COA by budgeting carefully and reducing their expenses for room, board, personal and transportation costs.

The Cost of Attendance for the 2019-2020 academic year and beyond is subject to change without notice.

Please contact the RVU Office of Student Financial Services if you have questions regarding the Cost of Attendance: http://www.rvu.edu/student-financial-services or 720-874-2442

Rocky Vista University will only consider applications submitted via PostBacCAS, the centralized application service for Post Bac programs. The application is available at  https://postbaccas.liaisoncas.com/ The application opens September 1st and closes July 15th, prior to the start of the academic year.

 

All application materials including transcripts and letters of recommendation are to be submitted directly through PostBacCAS. You will also pay the $50 RVU MSBS supplemental fee at the time you submit through PostBacCAS. You will be given the opportunity to select campus preference (Colorado or Southern Utah) on the application.

Completed files will be processed and reviewed on a rolling basis as long as there are seats available in the class. Therefore, for full consideration, it is recommended that you submit your application as early in the process as possible.

Upon acceptance of an offer of placement within any program within RVU, all candidates are required to complete a criminal background check and a 10-panel drug screening. This screening must meet the RVU standards, be conducted by an agency approved by RVU, and occur prior to the date specified in the matriculation agreement. An applicant who has a deficiency or abnormality discovered on either screening will be referred to the MSBS Student Performance Committee for further investigation. The MSBS SPC will make a recommendation to the MSBS Program Director as to whether the offer of admission should be maintained or withdrawn. The MSBS Program Director will make the final determination regarding the applicant’s status. Failure to complete a Criminal Background Check by the required deadline could affect the ability to matriculate or engage in RVU educational experiences.

On-Campus Event

Transcript Review Workshops and Informational Tours
RVU hosts an optional transcript review workshop and an informational tour during the dates listed below. Please refer to the RSVP form for a schedule of events. These dates tend to fill up very quickly, please RSVP using the link below as early as possible.
August 6 from 1:00 – 3:30 pm – click here to RSVP
September 19 from 1:00 – 3:30 pm – click here to RSVP
October 10 from 1:00- 3:30 pm – click here to RSVP

Virtual Fair
Students are invited to attend this unique Virtual Event where you can conveniently meet admissions representatives, faculty, and current students in a live online event.

August 13 from 10:00 am – 7:00 pm (ET) – click here to RSVP

For more information, please contact admissions@rvu.edu.

Off-Campus Events

For more information, please contact admissions@rvu.edu.

All RVU programs are accredited by the Higher Learning Commission:

Higher Learning Commission

230 S. LaSalle Street;

Suite 7-500;

Chicago, IL 60604

Phone: (800) 621-7440

For Graduating Class of 2020:

 

Fall Semester – August 12, 2019 – December 13, 2019

BMS 5041: Physiology I (4 credits)

These two one-semester courses together provide a systems-based curriculum that provides the student an opportunity to build a cognitive framework and knowledge base necessary to understand and apply normal human physiology to medical physiology and pathophysiology. Systems covered in the first semester include cellular physiology, homeostatic mechanisms, basic neurophysiology, the cardiovascular system, the respiratory system, and the renal system. Systems covered in the second semester include gastrointestinal, endocrine, and reproductive; neurophysiology, introduction to biomedical ethics, and multisystem physiology and pathophysiology processes are also covered. Basic clinical skills, clinical reasoning, physical exam skills are also integrated throughout. This curriculum combines lecture with clinical correlations, case studies, independent study, projects, and simulation activities. Prerequisite: none.

BMS 5051: Human Anatomy I (2 credits)

This is a two-semester course encompassing all aspects of human functional anatomy and clinical gross anatomy. This course will cover embryonic development and focus on the gross anatomy of all systems in the human body including musculoskeletal, neuronal, respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. In addition, imaging techniques such as x-ray radiography, CT scans, and MRI emphasizing structural relationships will introduce students to a clinical perspective of the structure of the human body. Course objectives include the acquisition of anatomical structural knowledge, the development of oral presentation and written communication skills, as well as the development of critical assessment of biomedical literature. Students will experience hands on learning with prosected cadavers. Learning is facilitated through lecture, team problem-based learning with clinical case presentations, and reflective observation exercises. Prerequisite: none.

BMS 5021: Molecular Basis of Medicine I (2 credits)

This course is a two-semester course that incorporates a problem-based learning (PBL) approach to investigative fundamental biomedical concepts within the context of clinical cases. The objective of the course is to promote student learning of the biochemical, molecular, and cellular mechanisms underlying normal physiology and metabolism, thus providing a foundation for understanding disease processes. The course provides a foundation in cellular and molecular biology, including cell structure, cellular macromolecules, DNA and RNA structure and function, protein synthesis, and regulation of gene expression, energetics, metabolism, regulation, organization and function of cellular organelles, flow of genetic information, and the regulation of selected cell activities. The first semester will focus primarily on human molecular genetics. The second semester will primarily focus on metabolic pathways and inborn errors of metabolism. Critical thinking skills will be developed throughout the course as students discuss clinical cases in order to link the clinical presentation with the underlying molecular mechanisms of the disease state. Prerequisite: none.

BMS 5060: Microbiology and Infectious Disease (3 credits)

This course introduces graduate students to the fundamental principles of microbiology including microbial structure and diversity, microbial metabolism and pathogenicity, and classes and actions of antimicrobial drugs. This overview includes discussions of the interplay between the microbial pathogen and the host immune response during the infectious process and the understanding of adaptations of the microbial pathogens to overcome the immune system and cause diseases in humans. Representative microorganisms belonging to each class of pathogen (bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic) are discussed. Other topics within the course will include emerging diseases, public health epidemiology, vaccines, antimicrobial resistance, and eradication of disease. Prerequisite: none.

BMS 5011: Evidence-Based Medicine (2 credits)

The role of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) is to foster students’ information literacy and develop understanding of the process of evidence-based medicine in order to leverage, create, use, and connect information to scenarios. The course is organized around the five elements of evidence-based medicine: ASK, ACQUIRE, APPRAISE, APPLY, ASSESS. Each of those components will be explored in depth to increase the awareness, understanding, and skills of the students. Students will learn to identify and understand various research methodologies, research designs, and bio-statistical concepts as elements of developing their understanding of medical and scientific information. Prerequisite: none.

BMS 5008: Medical Humanities (1 credit)

The Medical Humanities course is centered on the exploration of humanistic pursuits in the biomedical sciences. Topics vary by year and include human subject research history and ethics, professional identity formation, illness narratives, or other related subjects. This course is grounded in a variety of literary and textual sources and involves small and large group discussion, collaboration, written analyses, service-learning, and critical reflection. Prerequisite: none.

Spring Semester – January 6, 2020 – May 16, 2020

BMS 5042: Physiology II (4 credits)

A continuation of BMS5042 Physiology I, this course provides a systems-based curriculum that provides the student an opportunity to build a cognitive framework and knowledge base necessary to understand and apply normal human physiology to medical physiology and pathophysiology. Systems covered in the first semester include cellular physiology, homeostatic mechanisms, basic neurophysiology, the cardiovascular system, the respiratory system, and the renal system. Systems covered in the second semester include gastrointestinal, endocrine, and reproductive; neurophysiology, introduction to biomedical ethics, and multisystem physiology and pathophysiology processes are also covered. Basic clinical skills, clinical reasoning, physical exam skills are also integrated throughout. This curriculum combines lecture with clinical correlations, case studies, independent study, projects, and simulation activities. Prerequisite: none.

BMS 5052: Human Anatomy II (2 credits)

A continuation of BMS 5051 Human Anatomy I, this course encompasses all aspects of human functional anatomy and clinical gross anatomy. This course will cover embryonic development and focus on the gross anatomy of all systems in the human body including musculoskeletal, neuronal, respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. In addition, imaging techniques such as x-ray radiography, CT scans, and MRI emphasizing structural relationships will introduce students to a clinical perspective of the structure of the human body. Course objectives include the acquisition of anatomical structural knowledge, the development of oral presentation and written communication skills, as well as the development of critical assessment of biomedical literature. Students will experience hands on learning with prosected cadavers. Learning is facilitated through lecture, team problem-based learning with clinical case presentations, and reflective observation exercises. Prerequisite: none.

BMS 5022: Molecular Basis of Medicine II (2 credits)

A continuation of BMS 5021, Molecular Basis of Medicine II, incorporates a problem-based learning (PBL) approach to investigative fundamental biomedical concepts within the context of clinical cases. The objective of the course is to promote student learning of the biochemical, molecular, and cellular mechanisms underlying normal physiology and metabolism, thus providing a foundation for understanding disease processes. The course provides a foundation in cellular and molecular biology, including cell structure, cellular macromolecules, DNA and RNA structure and function, protein synthesis, and regulation of gene expression, energetics, metabolism, regulation, organization and function of cellular organelles, flow of genetic information, and the regulation of selected cell activities. The first semester will focus primarily on human molecular genetics. The second semester will primarily focus on metabolic pathways and inborn errors of metabolism. Critical thinking skills will be developed throughout the course as students discuss clinical cases in order to link the clinical presentation with the underlying molecular mechanisms of the disease state. Prerequisite: none.

BMS 5010: Journal Club (2 credits)

The course aims to provide MSBS students the opportunity to evaluate and investigate evidence through critically reading, interpreting, and presenting primary literature for peers, RVUCOM students, and faculty. This course helps students stay abreast of current knowledge in the field, develop presentation skills, and create solutions to real-world issues through applying knowledge from the biomedical sciences. Topics will include advances across biomedical research, community service and leadership responsibilities, and inter-professional teamwork. Emphasis is placed on developing presentation and teaching skills and in communicating scientific studies in seminar. The format of the course includes: 1) an introduction to and guided research of issues from national health initiatives (NIH, CDC, HHS and/or HRSA); 2) critical appraisal and formal presentation of biomedical research; and 3) a culminating NIH-style grant proposal to address research questions and advocacy needs. Prerequisite: none.

BMS 5070: Immunology (3 credits)

This course is designed to introduce students to the foundational knowledge necessary to understand the normal and abnormal functions of the immune system. Immunological principles involving innate and adaptive immunity, host responses to pathogens, blood groups, immunopathology, immunodeficiencies, autoimmunity, vaccines, transplantation, classes and actions of immunologically active drugs, and targeted immunotherapies will be discussed. Didactic lectures, small group discussions, clinical case studies, designated reading assignments, and application sessions will be utilized in this course. In addition, there will be an interdisciplinary component to this course as students will also write critical reflections regarding team service-learning projects. Prerequisite: none.

BMS 5002: Biomedical Pharmacology (3 credits)

Biomedical pharmacology presents an overview of the basic concepts and principles of pharmacology complemented by selected topics in pharmacotherapeutics. Students explore mechanisms of drug action, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, pharmacogenomics, and toxicology. Additional classroom sessions highlight the basic and clinical pharmacology of agents that exert effects on a variety of physiologic systems. Students will be required to complete an innovative new drug capstone project demonstrating their ability to provide peer-feedback, work on a team, appropriately review and synthesize recent medical literature, and conduct an oral presentation. Successful completion of the course will prepare students for doctoral level study of pharmacology. Prerequisite: none.

Total Credit Hours: 30

MSBS Student Policies Regarding Application and Admission to RVU Programs
(Applicable to the 2019-2020 academic year and subject to change for subsequent matriculating years.)

 

College of Osteopathic Medicine

MSBS students interested in applying to RVUCOM (Colorado or Utah location) will be evaluated by the MSBS faculty at the conclusion of each semester. A recommendation to the COM Admissions Committee will be made regarding the student’s academic aptitude for success in the COM and suitability to advance the mission and vision of RVUCOM. MSBS students recommended by the faculty of the MSBS Program will be evaluated by the RVUCOM Admissions Committee, which will make a recommendation to the Dean who will make the final decision regarding acceptance. Matriculation to the COM is contingent upon successful completion of the MSBS Program and all graduation requirements. RVU does not guarantee acceptance into any of its programs and will consider as many or as few MSBS students for admission as it deems appropriate.

Students recommended to the COM by the MSBS Program faculty will be required to submit an AACOMAS application in the fall and will submit MSBS grades once the fall grades are posted. Candidates interested in RVUCOM’s program should start their AACOMAS application as soon as possible and submit, at the latest, as soon as fall grades are posted. The MSBS Program Director (or designee) will write a summative letter representing the collective recommendation of the MSBS Program faculty. Recommended students may not be required to submit a supplemental application or interview for the RVUCOM. RVUCOM minimum MCAT requirements or minimum GPA requirements may be waived for students recommended by the program. Students considering programs outside RVU are encouraged to become familiar with the admissions standards of those programs to ensure requirements are met.

Students interested in applying to the RVUCOM (Colorado or Southern Utah location or both) will be given the opportunity to designate their preferences via the supplemental application.

 

Physician Assistant Program

At this time, the RVU PA program does not accept advanced placement or special admissions practices for any individuals or groups.  Please see the PA program webpage for admissions information and requirements.

Master of Physician Assistant Studies

MSBS Faculty and Courses Taught

 

Duane T. Brandau, DO, PhD
Assistant Dean of Clinical Education and Research
Professor of Molecular Medicine
– Molecular Basis of Medicine I
– Molecular Basis of Medicine II

 

Elizabeth George, PhD
Assistant Professor of Structural Medicine
– Human Anatomy I
– Human Anatomy II


Ian George, PhD

Assistant Professor of Structural Medicine
– Human Anatomy I
– Human Anatomy II

 

Rachel M.A. Linger, PhD
Assistant Professor of Pharmacology
– Biomedical Pharmacology


Nicole Michels, PhD
Chair of the Medical Humanities Department
Associate Professor of Physiology
– Medical Humanities


Joel Roberts, MD

Instructor of Physiology
– Physiology I
– Physiology II


Rebecca Ryznar, PhD

Assistant Professor of Molecular Biology
– Microbiology and Infectious Disease
– Journal Club


Francina Deason Towne, PhD

Program Director, MSBS
Associate Professor of Immunology
– Immunology


Lon Van Winkle, PhD

Professor of Medical Humanities
– Medical Humanities


Jacquelyn Waller, PharmD, BCPS
Associate Professor of Pharmacology
– Fundamentals of Pharmacology
– Selected Topics in Pharmacotherapeutics

For questions about the MSBS program, contact admissions@rvu.edu.

Questions about the MSBS Program application process

  • When is the application deadline? 
    • Applications can be submitted through PostBacCAS until 11:59 pm EST on July 15th of the desired year of matriculation. The MSBS Program is on rolling admissions, so applying as early as possible is to the applicant’s benefit. We can accept students up to the time of matriculation.
  • Can I transfer or can RVU access my documents and materials from last year’s MSBS or AACOMAS application? 
    • RVU is now going through the PostBacCAS application service, and all applicants must start over with a new application.  We are not able to pull any documents or application materials from a previous MSBS or AACOMAS application.  Here is the link to the application.  https://postbaccas.liaisoncas.com/
  • Is there a separate supplemental application with more questions? 
    • The RVU supplemental questions and fee are included on the PostBacCAS application.
  • How long does it take to receive a response from the MSBS department once I’ve submitted my application? 
    • We can only consider your application after it has been marked as “Verified” in PostBacCAS. After this,typically, it can take 4-6 weeks to receive notification from us, but this timeframe can change depending on the number of applications being reviewed and when the MSBS Admissions committee is scheduled to meet.
  • Will you accept a fee waiver, and if so, what is the process? 
    • A fee waiver from PostBacCAS will be honored.  Applicants should send a copy of the PostBacCAS email granting the waiver to admissions@rvu.edu. BEFORE you submit the application. We are not able to offer refunds after you have already paid.
  • Why have I not received any email or information since my application was verified several days ago? 
    • The Office of Admissions will process applications in the order they are received; the timeframe will depend on volume of applications and other factors throughout the cycle.  You will be notified by email if you are missing any documentation.
  • Do you need an official standardized test score when I apply? 
    • A standardized test score must be self-reported in order for the application to be reviewed by the MSBS Admissions committee. An official score report is required once an applicant is accepted to the program.
  • Is there a minimum score? 
    • There is no minimum score for any of the qualifying tests: GRE, MCAT, PCAT, or DAT. Other standardized tests may be considered upon request.
  • Can standardized test scores be released electronically to PostBacCAS directly? 
    • They need to be self-reported on the application. An official score report can be sent directly to admissions@rvu.edu if and after an applicant is accepted.
  • Are there any exceptions to the recommendation letter requirement? 
    • We need one healthcare professional letter and one pre-health committee or advisor letter.  In the event a candidate attends a school that does not have a pre-health advisor or does not offer a letter writing service, the candidate may substitute a letter from a basic science faculty member.
  • What is the preferred way of having letters of recommendation submitted?
    • All letters must be submitted through PostBacCAS.
  • What specific type of healthcare professional can write me a letter of recommendation? 
    • Acceptable letters should come from a US-trained professional physician (MD/DO), RN, NP, PA, PT, dentist or a podiatrist. Other healthcare providers may be considered upon request with explanation.
  • Can I be in progress with prerequisite coursework or with a standardized test while applying?
    • Yes, however, an application will not be considered complete or reviewed until all prerequisite work is accounted for as either complete or in-progess to be completed before matriculation, and a test score reported on the application. If accepted with coursework in progress, all prerequisite courses must be completed, and an official transcript with acceptable grade received by Admissions before a student can matriculate.
  • Will you accept online and community college coursework to meet the prerequisite requirements? 
    • Yes, although it is recommended to have taken at least a few upper-level biomedical sciences courses at a four-year university; this is useful for the MSBS department to gauge the applicant’s ability to succeed in the MSBS program.
  • Can I apply to both the MSBS and DO program at the same time?
    • Given the timing of the program admissions cycles, it is possible to be accepted to the MSBS program beginning in August while your DO application is still being reviewed for the following July start date.

Questions about the MSBS Program

  • How many students are accepted to the MSBS program?  
    • For the 2019 – 2020 school year, approximately 32 seats are available. Although variable, there are approximately 32 seats per year.
  • How many students are accepted each year from the MSBS program into the COM?
    • Historically, approximately 40%-60% of students were accepted into the COM. There is no cap on the number of students accepted, so this range can be quite variable. All students accepted must meet rigorous academic and professional requirements.
  • How much interaction/contact is there between MSBS students, DO students and PA Students? 
    • All programs are developing opportunities for increased interaction between students and can include: lab observations, demonstrations, standardized patient encounters, the implementation of a mentoring program, and some joint classes with PA students.
  • Is there an MCAT prep course offered with the MSBS program? 
    • No, there is no MCAT prep course offered. Generally, the MSBS course schedule is four days per week, with one day free for studying and professional development.
  • Can I work while being in the MSBS program?
    • It is highly recommended and encouraged that MSBS students do not work while enrolled. We consider this program an investment in the student’s future and prefer the students focus their time and energy on being successful in the program so they have a better opportunity for acceptance into the COM or other healthcare programs.
  • What can I do with an MSBS degree?
    • Although the majority of our students pursue this degree in preparation for pursuit of a professional healthcare degree, there are other vocational opportunities available with an MSBS degree. Some of these include research, teaching, laboratory work, clinical trial coordination, and others.